Sunday, 31 March 2019

The Pioneer of Radio Astronomy

The Pioneer of Radio Astronomy

Radio Astronomy- The branch of astronomy concerned with radio emissions from celestial objects. We are blessed to have a pioneer in this subject amongst us. Born in 1929 in the state of Uttar Pradesh, Prof. Govind Swarup has obtained his Bachelor of Science and Master of Science from Allahabad University post which he went all the way to California to complete his PhD.  Along with this he has also received a Doctorate of Engineering and a Doctorate of Science. He has worked in different places along the globe and has different amazing experiences.
Honorable Govind Swarup has given his time, energy and knowledge in making of the Ooty Radio Telescope (ORT) in Muthorai and the Giant Metrewave Radio Telescope (GMRT) near Pune. These telescopes are amongst the largest in the world. This has made us reach a different level of research standards thus making ORT to be one of the most sensitive radio telescopes in the world. This telescope has made possible a different level of discoveries in the solar system. While on the other hand GMRT was the world's largest interferometry array at the time it was built offering a baseline of up to 25 kilometers. These facilities are used by the Scientists from different parts of the world thus making it one of the important facilities on this planet. India has built a strong group in radio astrophysics at Tata Institute of Fundamental Research under the guidance of Prof. Govind Swarup which is one of the best in the world. He is the pioneer in developing the Type U' solar radio bursts along with the Gyro-radiation model. He has also developed a round trip transmission technique for phase measurements. This technique is used in almost all the radio interferometers in the world.
Needless to say he has excelled as a Professor, Researcher, Project director and in many more professions holding membership of large number of professional Societies. For his great contribution he has received about 20 awards including a Padma Shri as well as a Lifetime Achievement Award from the Department of Atomic Energy. Recently our beloved Honorable Govind Swarup turned 90. On this occasion the Giant metre wave radio telescope was upgraded as uGMRT. We wish you a healthy life and many more revolutions around the Sun.

Ketaki M Kardile


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